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Topdressing and Overseeding Your Lawn

Topdressing, Overseeding & Fertilizing your Lawn in the Fall

It is ideal to topdress (spread soil) your lawn once a year. If you topdressed in the spring, than just overseed and fertilize at this time of year (the fall).

Even if your lawn is looking healthy and green, still topdress, seed and fertilize – don’t wait until it stops looking great before you follow the steps below.  By keeping up on your lawn every year, you’ll have less weeds, disease and insects invade – and less stress! If it all seems like too much, just overseed – overseed, overseed, overseed! I know some people that overseed every month and their lawn is nice and thick and healthy.

Below we have listed the easy steps to topdress, seed and fertilize your lawn.

  1. Rake lawn with either hard rake or fan rake and discard dead grass to compost – if lawn is long – cut grass to 1” high (this makes topdressing easier)
  2. Topdress lawn with soil, spreading it out no more than ¼” deep over existing lawn area
  3. Spread seed evenly over lawn (be sure to keep it out of the gardens)
  4. Fertilize lawn with an organic fertilizer (use a spreader, do not spread by hand)
  5. Water entire area in each section for 20 minutes. Keep area moist but not soaking until seed has germinated (likely 6-10 days depending on the weather and your watering practices)
  6. You might have to seed some areas you missed after germination has occurred
  7. When cutting your lawn – wait until the grass has grown 6″ and set the mower to its highest setting and keep it there all season long to encourage deep rooting of your lawn.

Watch our quick video below for a how-to on topdressing and overseeding – sorry about the vehicle noise and the agitated Mike – this is why we keep him out of the greenhouse and off the cash registers!!

Cleaning your Indoor Air with Plants

Tropical Houseplants

Clean Air for Your Home

Houseplants don’t just soften a room they add a breath of fresh air – literary, houseplants increase the amount of oxygen in a room.

Many buildings now are very energy efficient and tightly sealed which in turn traps air pollution inside.  Houseplants have incredible air cleansing abilities in the home and office and the good news is that you only need 8 – 15 plants to improve the air quality in your home!

Light

Light is the most important element in successfully growing a houseplant. Without adequate light a plant can’t survive.

Here is a list of common tropical houseplants and their light requirements:

Low light: Dracaena marginata, Dracaena warneckei, Chinese evergreen, Heartleaf philodendron, Peace lily, Spider plant, Mother-in-law’s tongue, Golden pothos and Bamboo palm.
Bright indirect light: English ivy, Potted mum, Ficus benjamina, Croton and all of the low light plants listed above.
Full sun: Gerbera Daisy and dwarf Banana tree

These are all just general rules and everything has exceptions. Growing houseplants can be trial and error so don’t be discouraged if some plants don’t work out!

Water

Most houseplants are killed by over watering than by all other factors combined. Water requirements vary for each different type of plant. Generally, the more light a plant is exposed to, the more water it requires. Temperature, humidity, soil mix and the type of container are all factors to a plant’s need for moisture.

It is a good idea to check plants at a regularly scheduled time (say every Sunday morning), but it is almost impossible to say that a particular plant will need water every week or any other time frame because of all the above factors vary.

A moisture meter is an invaluable tool when checking plants to see if they require water. However, they should be used as a guide only; always use common sense to determine if the moisture meter is working properly. Droopy plants usually indicate a need for water, however, it may also be a result of stress caused by over watering. Moisture meters are available at Georgina Garden Centre.

Temperature and Humidity

Houseplants will survive a wide range of temperatures, but prefer moderate temperatures in the range of 15 to 30°C are ideal. Evening temperatures should generally drop about 5°C to sustain plant vitality. Drafts and heating/cooling vents usually have an adverse effect on tropical plants.

Most plants prefer higher humidity levels than the average indoor climate can provide, but they adapt to their surroundings and normal house humidity levels are usually not a problem (you may need to mist your plants in the winter as houses in our climate become very dry).

Fertilizer

Fertilizer is necessary for tropical houseplants to provide the proper nutrients for overall plant health and vigor. Plants should be fed when they are actively growing, which in our area is usually from March to October. It is better to feed more often with diluted concentrations of fertilizer (mix at half the rate the instructions say) than giving a double dose once in a while. Never fertilize a dry plant as this can cause root burn.

There are many different fertilizers for each type of plant (i.e. African Violet, Cactus, Orchid, etc.) that work very well for specified plants.  Most tropical plants respond well to balanced fertilizers such as 20-20-20, while flowering plants prefer a 15-30-15.

Disease and Insects

Diseases and insects are something that plant owners should be aware of but should not be cause for a great deal of concern as long as the plants are purchased from a legitimate garden centre where they have been cared for properly. If, and usually when, as all plant owners will have a disease and or insect problem at some point, use an insecticidal soap or another natural pest control product specific for the problem you have. If you’re not sure what the problem is, you can take a picture of it or bring a sample in a clear sealed plastic bag to Georgina Garden Centre and we can help identify it for you!

 

These are all just general rules and everything has exceptions. Growing houseplants can be trial and error so don’t be discouraged if some plants don’t work out!

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Hedge Trimming

Hedge Trimming

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There are many different varieties of hedge but the theory remains the same. Establish your shapes and contours early on in the hedges development and maintain these same designs through its lifetime.

The majority of hedges in our area (Georgina) are cedar. Other traditional hedge types include:

  • Cedar
  • Boxwood
  • Yew
  • Flowering
  • Large Evergreens

When setting up your hedge there are a few things to keep in mind. Its better to take too little off when cutting as you can’t put it back on and cutting too deeply and gouging into the wood will create undesirable brown spots. It is better to round out the top of your hedge then to make it perfectly flat as this will help it shed snow avoiding potential shearing and broken branches.

It is imperative that the bottom of the hedge is thicker in width than the top and tapers upwards, never the other way. While your hedge can be shaped in very artistic ways it is still a living thing and has requirements, especially in terms of sunlight. A well shaped hedge allows sunlight to hit the entirety of its surface as such tapering the hedge top down is very important.

The rule of thumb is to cut twice. Cut the hedge in a way that takes off the most vigorous growth then take a rake and gently bang out the cut pieces, going up and down the hedge across its entire length. These bits will brown up in time and make your hedge look unkempt and disorderly. Following the first cut you will see a notable difference in how tight the hedge looks. To help picture what we mean by tightness consider it like given your hedge a haircut. Were looking for a neat buzz cut not a shaggy unkempt look. With a careful second cut we can safely carve this down a little bit further making the hedge tighter again still. This second cut is the stage that gives the hedge its clean crisp and professional look.

Note: hedges should be trimmed at least once a year any time after July but before freeing temperatures. Leaving the hedges for a year will leave you with a less dense product when you are finished as the plants production goes to its leaders rather than its side. Talk to Georgina Garden Centre about best practices if you desire to change the shape of your hedge.

Use string lines when setting the initial shape of the hedge to ensure its lines are straight and linear.

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Show-Stopping Hydrangeas

If you want to be the talk of the neighbourhood, you NEED to have hydrangeas in your garden – yes, hydrangeas plural – you can’t just have one!

We have over 30 varieties of Hydrangeas in stock and they’re all show stopping – good luck narrowing down your favourites!

Here are just a few of the Proven Winner Hydrangeas we carry:

 

The ‘City Line’ series:

City Line Mars Hydrangea

hydrangea mars

City Line Paris Hydrangea

hydrangea paris

City Line Rio Hydrangea

hydrangea rio 3

 

Then there is the ‘Let’s Dance’ series:

Let’s Dance Starlight Hydrangea

hydrangea starlight 2

Let’s Dance Big Easy Hydrangea

hydrangea big easy 2

Let’s Dance Moonlight Hydrangea

hydrangea moonlight

Let’s Dance Rhapsody Blue Hydrangea

hydrangea lets dance rhapsody in blue

 

These are Proven Winners’ (and Our!) best selling Hydrangeas:

Limelight Hydrangea

hydrangea limelight

Little Lime Hydrangea

hydrangea little lime 2

Quick Fire Hydrangea

hydrangea quick fire hydrangea quick fire leaves

Pinky Winky Hydrangea

georgina garden centre features pinky winky hydrangea shrubs

Bobo Hydrangea

hydrangea bobo

 

Want to know how and when to prune your hydrangea? Click here to one of our previous posts!

Don’t forget to use Aluminum Sulphate on your hydrangeas as they are acid-loving plants and will keep your blue hydrangeas blue!